Statens Jordbruksverk
Sveriges officiella statistik - Statistiska meddelanden
Skörd av spannmål, trindsäd, oljeväxter, potatis och slåttervall 2018

JO 16 SM 1901

 

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In English

Summary
List of tables
List of terms

Summary

If you would like to download the publication in PDF format, then please click on the link “Första sidan – I korta drag” above, then click on the link “Hela publikationen (PDF)”.

This report provides final data for 2018 on yield per hectare and total production of cereal crops, dried pulses, oilseed crops, annual plants harvested green, potatoes and temporary grasses. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden.

The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kilogram (kg), crop areas and total production in metric tonnes. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare, total production, unharvested areas and areas harvested as green fodder.

Cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops

The total production of cereal crops for the whole country is estimated at 3 260 100 tonnes. This is 45% less than in 2017 and 43% less than the average for the last five years.

The total production of winter wheat is estimated at 1 399 900 tonnes which is a decrease of 44% compared with the average of the last five years.

The total production of peas is estimated at 48 900 tonnes, which is 41% less than the previous year. The total production of field beans (Vicia faba L.) is estimated at 34 800 tonnes.

The 2018 harvest of rape and turnip rape is estimated at 217 700 tonnes. This is 42% less than in 2017 and 35% less than the average for the last five years. The total production of oil flax is estimated at 4 000 tonnes.

Since 1998, statistics on crop yields for cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops have been based on an interview survey. Beginning in 2005, the farmers can also use the Internet as a tool for data delivery to Statistics Sweden.

The sample of the 2018 survey consists of 4 418 holdings. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tonnes of these crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at the farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics have been calculated from final statistics on usage of arable land. The figures on areas are based on data from the Swedish administrative database for agricultural subsidies, IACS. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded when it comes to areas for the production of grain. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.

Potatoes

The results are presented for table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch. The yield per hectare for table potatoes for the entire country is estimated at 28 080 kg and the total production is estimated at 449 100 tonnes. The corresponding figures on potatoes for processing of starch are 34 570 kg per hectare and 273 900 tonnes, respectively.

The results for 2018 are based on a survey with a sample of 688 holdings for table potatoes and a sample of 167 holdings for potatoes for processing starch. The areas are based on statistics from IACS.

Tables 22 and 23 show the number of observations, the total and reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tonnes. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in table 32. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes for table potatoes. The reduction for potatoes for processing of starch is made only for blighted potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values, derived from the objective potato surveys conducted until 1998. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare. The unharvested area 2018 was estimated at 0.8% for table potatoes and 0.0% for potatoes for processing of starch.

Temporary grasses

The total production of temporary grasses is estimated at 3 286 400 tonnes and the yield per hectare at 3 770 kg per hectare, at 0% moisture content. The results are presented in tables 2428.

The results are based on a sample of 1 500 holdings.

The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage including regrowth. It does not cover temporary grazings or regrowth from temporary grasses which are grazed.

 

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. Winter wheat. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

2. Spring wheat. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

3. Rye. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

4. Winter barley. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

5. Spring barley. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

6. Oats. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

7. Winter triticale. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

8. Spring triticale. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

9. Mixed grain. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

10. Grain maize. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

11. Cereals for the production of grain. Area and total production in 2018

12. Peas. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

13. Field beans. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

14. Winter rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

15. Spring rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

16. Winter turnip rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

17. Spring turnip rape. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

18. Oil flax. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

19. Cereals harvested green (excluding green maize). Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

20. Green maize. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

21. Other annual plants harvested green. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

22. Table potatoes. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

23. Potatoes for processing of starch. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

24. Temporary grasses. First cut. Yield per hectare, crop area and total production in 2018

25. Temporary grasses. Regrowth. Yield per hectare and total production in 2018

26. Temporary grasses. Total production. Yield per hectare and total production in 2018

27. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2018, hectares

28. Temporary grasses and grazings. Distribution of acreage in 2018, percent

29. Cereals. Area not harvested. Percent and hectares of the cultivated area in 2018

30. Peas and field beans. Area not harvested. Percent and hectares of the crop area in 2018

31. Oilseed crops. Area not harvested. Percent and hectares of the crop area in 2018

32. Potatoes. Area not harvested. Percent and hectares of the crop area in 2018

36. Cereals, peas and dried pulses. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non-response in 2018

37. Potatoes. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non-response in 2018

38. Temporary grasses and grazings. The extent of the survey. Number of farms in the sample, number surveyed and non-response in 2018

 

List of terms

Antal

Areal

Betesvall

Blandsäd

Bortsortering

Första skörd

Gröda

Grönfoder

Havre

Hektarskörd

Hela riket

Höstkorn

Höstraps

Höstrybs

Höstrågvete

Höstvete

Län

Majs

Majs till grönfoder

Matpotatis

Medelfel

Medelvärde

Obärgad areal

Oljelin

Oljeväxter

Potatis för stärkelse

Produktionsområde

Råg

Rötskadade

Slåttervall

Småfallande

Spannmål

Standardtal

Stråsädesgrödor till grönfoder

Total skörd

Trindsäd

Vattenhalt

Vårraps

Vårrybs

Vårrågvete

Vårvete

Åkerbönor

Återväxt

Ärter

Number

Area

Temporary grazings

Mixed grain

Grading losses

First cut

Crop

Green fodder

Oats

Yield per hectare

Sweden, the whole country

Winter barley

Winter rape

Winter turnip rape

Winter triticale

Winter wheat

County

Grain maize

Green maize

Table potatoes

Standard error

Mean value

Area not harvested

Oil flax

Oilseed crops

Potatoes for processing of starch

Production area

Rye

Blighted tubers

Temporary grasses

Small tubers

Cereals

Standard value

Cereals harvested green

Total production

Dried pulses

Moisture content

Spring rape

Spring turnip rape

Spring triticale

Spring wheat

Field beans

Regrowth

Peas