Statens Jordbruksverk
Sveriges officiella statistik - Statistiska meddelanden
Viltskador i lantbruksgrödor 2014

JO 16 SM 1502

 

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In English

Summary
List of tables
List of terms

Summary

If you would like to download the publication in PDF format, then please click on the link “Första sidan – I korta drag” above, then click on the link “Hela publikationen (PDF)”.

This report provides data for the year 2014 on wildlife damage to agricultural crops. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden. Data only shows wildlife damage before harvest. Damage on for example silage bales after harvest is not included in the data. Neither are crops that must be resowed due to early wildlife damage included in the data.

The tables show percentage of farms with wildlife damage, wildlife damaged crop area, harvest loss in metric tonnes, harvest loss in per cent of the total harvest, and harvest loss in shares of different wildlife species. Tables also show number of farms where wildlife species affect the choice of crop.

Wild boars are causing most damage

Wild boar is the animal that causes most damage in all crops except oats, where moose causes the greatest harm. Spring wheat, peas, maize, cereals harvested green, table potatoes, potatoes for processing of starch and temporary grasses are crops with large percentage of wild boar damage.

Large proportion of farmers have wildlife damage in their crops

Among farmers who cultivate cereals, dried pulses and oilseeds, 37.5% had wildlife damage in one or more of their crops. Among the growers of table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch it was estimated that 19 and 24% had wildlife damage while the figure for growers of temporary grasses is 20%. Kronoberg and Södermanland are counties where a large proportion of farmers had wildlife damage in their crops.

More than 8% of the area for cereals was damaged by wildlife

Wildlife damage occurred in just over 8% of the area for cereals. Table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch had wildlife damage to almost 9% of the area. For temporary grasses, that are grown on 88 520 hectares, about 10% of the area had some form of wildlife damage.

Wildlife affects the choice of the crop

More than a quarter of all farmers indicate that the wildlife affects their choice of crops. Wild boar and moose are the animals that have the greatest influence on what is possible to grow. Peas and oats are crops that many farmers totally refrain from cultivating but also wheat and winter rape are difficult to grow in many places.

Large variations of harvest loss

For the country as a whole, the harvest losses of wildlife damage range between 0,2 - 7% of the total harvest per crop. The variations are large both geographically and among crops. Many farms have no wildlife damage at all while other farmers reported that more than half of the harvest was destroyed.

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. Farms with wildlife damage by crop 2014, per cent

2. Wildlife damaged crop area 2014, per cent and hectare

3a. Winter wheat. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

3b. Winter wheat. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

4a. Spring wheat. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

4b. Spring wheat. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

5a. Winter rye. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

5b. Winter rye. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

6a. Winter barley. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

6b. Winter barley. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

7a. Spring barley. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

7b. Spring barley. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

8a. Oats. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

8b. Oats. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

9a. Triticale. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

9b. Triticale. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

10a. Mixed grain. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

10b. Mixed grain. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

11a. Grain maize. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

11b. Grain maize. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

12a. Peas. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

12b. Peas. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

13a. Field beans. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

13b. Field beans. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

14a. Winter rape. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

14b. Winter rape. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

15a. Spring rape. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

15b. Spring rape. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

16a. Winter turnip rape. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

16b. Winter turnip rape. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

17a. Spring turnip rape. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

17b. Spring turnip rape. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

18a. Oil flax. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

18b. Oil flax. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

19a. Cereals harvested green (excluding green maize). Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

19b. Cereals harvested green (excluding green maize). Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

20a. Green maize. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

20b. Green maize. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

21a. Annual plants harvested green (excluding cereals harvested green). Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

21b. Annual plants harvested green (excluding cereals harvested green). Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

22a. Table potatoes. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

22b. Table potatoes. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

23a. Potatoes for processing of starch. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

23b. Potatoes for processing of starch. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

24a. Temporary grasses. Wildlife damage, loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, per cent

24b. Temporary grasses. Wildlife damage loss of expected harvest and harvest loss by wildlife species 2014, tonnes

25. Percentage of farms with wildlife damage 2014

26a. Percentage of farms where presence of wildlife affects choice of crop 2014

26b. Number of farms where presence of wildlife affects choice of crop by various wildlife species 2014.

27. Percentage of farms without wildlife damage where presence of wildlife affects choice of crop 2014

  

List of terms

Antal

Number

Areal

Area

Betesvall

Temporary grazings

Björn

Brown bear

Blandsäd

Mixed grain

Dovhjort

Fallow deer

Duvor

Pigeons

Första skörd

First cut

Grävling

Badger

Gröda

Crop

Grönfoder

Green fodder

Gäss

Geese

Havre

Oats

Hektarskörd

Yield per hectare

Hela riket

The whole country

Höstkorn

Winter barley

Höstraps

Winter rape

Höstrybs

Winter turnip rape

Höstråg

Winter rye

Höstvete

Winter wheat

Kronhjort

Red deer

Kråkfåglar

Corvids

Län

County

Majs

Grain maize

Majs till grönfoder

Green maize

Matpotatis

Table potatoes

Medelfel

Standard error

Medelvärde

Mean value

Obärgad areal

Area not harvested

Oljelin

Oil flax

Oljeväxter

Oilseed crops

Produktionsområde

Production area

Rådjur

Roe deer

Rågvete

Triticale

Skördebortfall

Harvest loss

Slåttervall

Temporary grasses

Sork

Vole

Spannmål

Cereals

Standardtal

Standard value

Stråsädesgrödor till grönfoder

Cereals harvested green

Svanar

Swans

Torrsubstanshalt

Dry matter content

Total skörd

Total production

Tranor

Cranes

Trindsäd

Dried pulses

Vattenhalt

Moisture content

Vildsvin

Wild boar

Viltskador

Wildlife damage

Vårkorn

Spring barley

Vårraps

Spring rape

Vårrybs

Spring turnip rape

Vårvete

Spring wheat

Åkerbönor

Field beans

Återväxt

Regrowth

Älg

Moose/Elk

Ärter

Peas