|Skörd av spannmål, trindsäd, oljeväxter, potatis och slåttervall 2014|
JO 16 SM 1501
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Tabeller Kartor Fakta om statistiken
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This report provides final data for the year 2014 on yield per hectare and total production of cereal crops, dried pulses, oilseed crops, plants harvested green, potatoes and temporary grasses. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden.
The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kg, crop areas and total production in metric tonnes. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare, total production, unharvested areas and areas harvested as green fodder.
Cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops
The total production of cereal crops for the whole country is estimated at 5 782 500 tonnes, including grain maize. This is 16 % more than in 2013 and 19 % more than the average for the last five years.
The total production of winter wheat is estimated at 2 750 800 tonnes which is twice the amount of last year’s harvest and equivalent to 48 % of the total production of cereal crops.
The total production of peas is estimated at 46 500 tonnes, which is 14 % more than the previous year. The total production of field beans (Vicia faba L.) is estimated at 61 100 tonnes.
The 2014 harvest of rape and turnip rape is estimated at 325 400 tonnes. This is almost at the same level as in 2013 and 10 % more than the average for the last five years. The total production of oil flax is estimated at 11 000 tonnes.
Since 1998, statistics on crop yields for cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops have been based on an interview survey. For the first time in 2005, the farmers can also use the Internet as a tool for data delivery to Statistics Sweden.
The sample of the 2014 survey consists of 4 392 holdings. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tonnes of these crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics has been calculated from final statistics on usage of arable land. The figures on areas are mainly based on data from the Swedish administrative database for agricultural subsidies, IACS. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded when it comes to areas for the production of grain. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.
The results are presented for table potatoes and potatoes for processing of starch. For the whole country, the yield per hectare for table potatoes is estimated at 31 270 kg and the total production is estimated at 551 600 tonnes. The corresponding figures on potatoes for processing of starch are 44 040 kg per hectare and 270 500 tonnes, respectively.
The results for 2014 are based on a survey with a sample of 985 holdings for table potatoes and a sample of 186 holdings for potatoes for processing starch. The areas are based on statistics from IACS.
The tables 20 and 21 show the number of observations, the total and reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tonnes. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in table 30. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes for table potatoes. The reduction for potatoes for processing of starch is made only for blighted potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values, derived from the objective potato surveys conducted until 1998. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare. The unharvested area 2014 was estimated at 1.3 % for table potatoes and 0.6 % for potatoes for processing of starch.
The total production of temporary grasses is estimated at 5 224 900 tonnes and the yield per hectare at 5 950 kg per hectare, at 16.5 % moisture content. The results are presented in tables 22–26.
The results are based on a sample of 1 000 holdings.
The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage including re-growth. It does not cover temporary grazings or regrowth from temporary grasses which are grazed.