|Skörd för ekologisk och konventionell odling 2009|
JO 16 SM 1002
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This report provides final data for the year 2009 for organic and non-organic farming concerning yield per hectare and total production of cereals, dried pulses, oilseed crops, table potatoes and temporary grasses. The methods used for the crop products surveys for organic farming are the same as for the ordinary crop products surveys. The results are presented for counties, production areas and for all of Sweden. The production areas are shown in Map 1.
The tables show the number of observations, yield per hectare in kg, total production in metric tons, crop areas, the share of the organic crop area compared to the total crop area, the quota of the yield from organic farming and the yield from non-organic farming. Standard errors are given for yield per hectare and total production.
Cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops
Total production for the whole country of cereal crops from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 232 300 tonnes. This is slightly more than 4 % of the total production of cereals.
The total production of oats from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 73 600 tonnes or about 10 % of the total production of oats. Among the cereals, oats is the crop that shows the highest total production from the area with subsidies for organic farming.
Total production of peas and field beans from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 5 100 tonnes and 14 600 tonnes respectively. For peas this production corresponds with 10 % of the total production of peas and for filed beans the organic share of the total production is as high as 56 %.
The 2009 harvest of rape and turnip rape from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at about 2 400 tonnes, which is about 1 % of the total production of rape and turnip rape.
Statistics on crop yields for cereals, dried pulses and oilseed crops have been based on an interview survey. The farmers can also use Internet as a tool for data delivery to Statistics Sweden.
The sample of the 2009 survey for organic farming consists of 1 877 farmers out of about 5 700. The survey was carried out in October and November. Information was requested for total farm production in tonnes of the crops and their average moisture content. Yields per hectare at the farm level are calculated by dividing the production by the crop area of the farm. Unharvested crop areas are included and will lower the yield per hectare. Crop area statistics has been calculated from data on areas with subsidies for organic farming. Crop areas cut as green fodder have been excluded. Unharvested areas and areas cut as green fodder are presented in separate tables.
The total production for table potatoes from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 11 200 tons. This is almost 2 % of the total production of table potatoes. The organic potato yield per hectare is 41 % of the yield compared with non-organic farms.
The results are based on a survey with a sample of 190 holdings with table potatoes registered for organic farming subsidies.
The tables show the number of observations, the reduced yields per hectare in kg and total production in metric tons. Standard errors are also presented. Unharvested areas are shown in a separate table. As for reduced yields, the yield per hectare is reduced for small, blighted and green potatoes. These reductions are made with standard values. Adjustments in the reduced yields have also been made for unharvested areas, which have lowered the yield per hectare.
The total production of temporary grasses from areas with subsidies for organic farming is estimated at 901 100 tons, at 16.5 % moisture content. This is almost 19 per cent of the total production. The yield per hectare is about 76 % for the organic farming compared to the non-organic farming. The results are based on a survey with a sample size of 500 holdings.
The survey covers only temporary grasses harvested as hay, hay-silage or silage, and includes regrowth. It does not cover temporary grazings or regrowth from temporary grasses that is grazed.