JO 47 SM 1701
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In 2016, 43 % of the Swedish agricultural holdings employed other gainful activities, that is, activities that are not agricultural production, but make use of resources from the agricultural holding, such as properties, machines or agricultural products. The share of holding with other gainful activities has increased by 18 % since 2013, and by almost 300 % since 1999.
Moreover, for holdings employing other gainful activities, their share of the overall revenue for the holdings has increased. Since 2013, the share of holdings for which other gainful activities represented more than half of the revenue increased from 27 % to 33 %, with a corresponding decrease of the share of holdings for which the revenue made up less than 10 %. In total, 14 % of all Swedish agricultural holdings earn over half of their revenue from other gainful activities.
The most common form of other gainful activities in 2016 was contractual work. Just over one quarter of all agricultural holdings practised contractual work (including both farm work and other contractual work). The share of holdings perfoming contractual work was correlated to the size of the holding (as measured by the area of utilized farm land), where larger holdings were more likely to work as contractors. The second largest category of other gainful activities was tourism, rentals and other recreational activities, which was pursued by 8 % of the agricultural holdings.
The share of holdings employing other gainful activities varied by county as well as by type of farming. From a geographical point of view, holdings in the counties of Stockholm and Södermanland were the most inclined to employ other gainful activies, over half of the holdings doing so. With respect to the type of farming, holdings focusing on crop production were more prone to exercise other gainful activities than holdings focused on animal husbandry or small farms.