Statens Jordbruksverk
Sveriges officiella statistik - Statistiska meddelanden
Djurhälsa år 2013

JO 25 SM 1401

 

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In English

Summary
List of tables
List of terms

Summary

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Calf mortality among different breeds of cattle

Table 1 shows the number of calves that die within a month after birth and is organised after sex and breed. Mortality is generally somewhat higher for bull calves than for heifer calves.

Frequency of disease in dairy herds of various sizes

Comparisons between different herd sizes have been made regarding the occurrence of a number of diseases. Milk fever and ketosis decrease with increasing herd size, while the occurrence of mastitis and other diseases increases. One reason some diseases show an increased frequency with larger herds might be that many animals being held in the same building increase the infection pressure. The results show that the most apparent decrease with large herds are feeding related diseases. It can be assumed that in larger herds a larger number of technological solutions are available for optimisation and control of animal feeding.

Retention of afterbirth, teat injuries and delivery problems are other disease that are presented in this report.

Frequency of disease in dairy herds from different breeds

Swedish Friesian and Swedish Jersey have the greatest occurrence of diseases compared within other breeds.

Occurrence of colic in horses – seasonal variations

A comparison of colic cases per month was compiled for the three regions in Sweden: Götaland (south of Sweden), Svealand (middle) and Norrland (north). The extent of colic cases is markedly low during the summer months. The diagnoses included in the term “colic” are impaction colic (constipation), incarceration colic, displacement colic, abdominal pain as well as all other diagnoses that include the term “colic.”

These statistics are primarily based on veterinary reports submitted to the central database of the Swedish Board of Agriculture. The national industry organisation Växa Sverige has compiled the data for “Frequency of disease in dairy herds of various sizes,” while information for “Calf mortality among different breeds of cattle” was collected from the central animal database where every cattle owner reports animal transports, births and deaths.

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. Number of live born calves that die within a month of birth, by breed and sex, 2013

2a. Occurrence of disease in dairy cows by herd size and disease, cases of disease per 100 animals included in the control 2013/14

2b. Occurrence of disease in dairy cows by breed and disease, cases of disease per 100 animals included in the control 2013/14

3. Yearly colic cases in horses in percent per month, 2013

 

List of terms

Acetonemi

Ketosis

Andel, procent

Share, percentage

Antal behandlade djur

Number of treated animals

Antal kalvar som dött under första levnadsmånaden

Number of calves that died during their first month in life

Diarrésjukdomar

Diarrhoea diseases

Fjällko

Swedish Mountain cattle

Förlossningshjälp

Help during delivery

Förstoppning

Constipation

Genomsnittlig besättningsstorlek under kontrollåret

Average herd size during the control year

Hela året

All year

Hälta samt symptom från leder och klövar

Lameness and symptom from joints and hooves

Häst

Horse

Juver- eller livmoderinflammation

Mastitis or inflammation in the uterus

Juverinflammation

Mastitis

Kalvningsförlamning

Milk fever

Kolikfall

Cases of colic

Komplikationer vid dräktighet och förlossning

Complications during pregnancy and delivery

Kontrollår

Year of control

Korsningar/Övriga raser

Crossbreds/other

Kvarbliven efterbörd

Retention of fetal membranes

Kvigkalv

Heifer calf

Mastit

Mastitis

Nöt

Cattle

Ras

Breed

Rödkulla

Swedish Red Poll

Samtliga sjukdomar

All diseases

Sjukdom

Disease

Sjukdomar i andningsorgan

Respiratory organ diseases

Skador

Injuries

Spenskada

Teat injuries

Svensk Ayrshireboskap

Swedish Ayrshire

Svensk Jerseyboskap

Swedish Jersey

Svensk kulligboskap

Swedish Polled Cattle

Svensk låglandsboskap

Swedish Friesian

Svensk röd och vit boskap

Swedish Red and White

Tjurkalv

Bull calf

Totalt

Total

Totalt antal födda

Total number born

Övriga

Other

Övriga sjukdomar

Other diseases