Statens JordbruksverkSveriges officiella statistik - Statistiska meddelanden

Djurhälsa år 2006

JO 25 SM 0701

 

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In English

Summary
List of tables

Summary

This year, for the first time, animal heath is included in the Official Statistics of Sweden concerning the agricultural sector. The Swedish Board of Agriculture is responsible for reporting the statistics within the agricultural sector. Particular emphasis has been placed on the following four topics.

 

Reasons for general treatment with antibiotics.

The most common reason for treatment of cattle and sheep is mastitis (udder inflammation). For horses, lesions and other injuries are the most common reasons for treatment with antibiotics, while pigs are treated for lameness and other symptoms occurring in joints and hooves.

 

Calf mortality among different breeds of cattle.

The table is organised after sex and breed and shows the number of calves that die within a month after birth. Mortality is generally somewhat higher for bull-calves than for cow-calves.

Frequency of disease in dairy herds of various sizes.

Comparisons between different herd sizes have been made regarding the occurrence of a number of diseases. Milk fever and ketosis decrease with increasing herd size, while mastitis and other diseases increase. A relationship might be suspected between those diseases showing an increase within larger herds and an increase in infection pressure due to many animals being held in the same building. The diseases showing the most apparent decrease in large herds are feeding related. One can assume that a larger number of technological solutions are available for optimisation and control of feeding in larger herds.

A few diseases show small variation between the different herd sizes, these are: retention of afterbirth, teat injuries and delivery problems.

Occurrence of colic in horses - seasonal variations.

A monthly comparison of colic cases has been compiled for the three regions in Sweden: Götaland (south of Sweden), Svealand (middle) and Norrland (north). The extent of colic cases is markedly low during the summer months. The diagnoses included in the term colic are impaction colic (constipation), incarceration colic, displacement colic, abdominal pain as well as all other diagnoses that include the term "colic."

 

These statistics are primarily based on veterinary reports submitted to the Swedish Board of Agriculture. The national industry organisation Svensk Mjölk (Swedish Dairy Association) has compiled the data for "Frequency of disease in dairy herds of various sizes," while information for "Calf mortality among different breeds of cattle" was collected from the central animal database where every cattle owner reports animal transports, births and deaths.

 

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. The most common reasons for general treatment with antibiotics, percentage of all reported treatments during 2005 and 2006

2. Number of (liveborn) calves that die within one month of birth, ordered according to breed and sex, 2006

3. Occurrence of disease in dairy cows according to herd size and disease, percentage of all animals included in the control

4. Seasonal distribution of colic cases in horses in percent, 2006

List of terms

Andel, procent

Share, percentage

Antal behandlade djur

Number of treated animals

Antal kalvar som dött under första levnadsmånaden

Number of calfs that died during their first month in life

Diarrésjukdomar

Diarrhoea diseases

Fjällko

Swedish Mountain cattle

Får

Sheep

Förlossningshjälp

Help during delivery

Genomsnittlig besättningsstorlek under kontrollåret

Average herd size during the controll year

Gris

Pig

Hela året

All year

Hälta samt symptom från leder och klövar

Lameness and symptom from joints and hooves

Häst

Horse

Juver- eller livmoderinflammation

Mastitis or inflammation in the uterus

Juverinflammation

Mastitis

Kalvningsförlamning

Milk fever

Kolikfall

Cases of colic

Komplikationer vid dräktighet och förlossning

Complications during pregnancy and delivery

Kontrollåret

Year of control

Korsningar/Övriga raser

Crossbreds/other

Kvarbliven efterbörd

Retention of feotal membranes

Kvigkalv

Heifer-calf

Nöt

Cattle

Ras

Breed

Rödkulla

Swedish Red Poll

Samtliga sjukdomar

All diseases

Sjukdom

Disease

Sjukdomar i andningsorgan

Respiratory organ diseases

Skador

Injuries

Spenskada

Teat injuries

Svensk Ayrshire boskap

Swedish Ayrshire

Svensk Jersey boskap

Swedish Jersey

Svensk kullig boskap

Swedish Polled Cattle

Svensk låglandsboskap

Swedish Friesian

Svensk röd och vit boskap

Swedish Red and White

Tjurkalv

Bull-calf

Totalt

Totally

Totalt antal födda

Total number born

Övriga

Other causes

Övriga sjukdomar

Other diseases