STATISTIK FRÅN
JORDBRUKSVERKET

Statistikrapport 2013:2

 

Bioenergi från jordbruket

 

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In English

Summary
List of tables
List of terms

Summary

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The use of agriculturally derived fuels in Swedish energy production is relatively small, although being considered a potentially important source of bioenergy. The realization of this potential is dependent on economical and technical factors, but also relies on different parties’ perception of the possible role of these fuels within the energy system. In this report we present results from a study covering the activities, conceptions and knowledge around energy crops in municipalities, heating plants and among farmers – three important actors in increasing the use of energy crops.

Our results confirm the limited role of energy crops in current energy production. Barely 11 % of the farmers produced energy crops, while only 12 and 38 % of the heating plants and municipalities declared use for some variety of energy production. The use appeared to be correlated with access inasmuch as being more frequent in municipalities with a larger farmland area. In addition, heating plants declaring use of energy crops were situated in municipalities with relatively large areas of farmland. Availability – in the shape of a working market – was also considered by all parties as a crucial factor for increasing energy crop use.

Technical limitations were considered a major obstacle for increasing use of energy crops. While 41 % of the heating plants claimed that the production facilities needed to be refitted in order to use energy crops, 42 % of the farmers not producing such crops declared that they were not currently equipped to do so. Price factors also appeared to be a hindrance for heating plants as well as farmers. Among heating plants, nearly a quarter declared high prices as being a major obstacle for adopting agriculturally derived fuels, while large fractions of farmers claimed lacking profitability or low prices as being causes for not currently producing energy crops.

All parties declared increased knowledge and information regarding agriculturally derived fuels as important factors for increasing production and adoption, although the requirement appeared most widespread among the municipalities, where four out of five felt a need for more information.

 

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1. General use of energy crops in Swedish municipalities

2. Municipal use of energy crops

3. Potential for increased energy crop use in Swedish municipalities

4. Impediments for increased use of energy crops in Swedish municipalities

5. Municipal activity to increase use of energy crops

6. Energy crops in municipal planning

7. Municipal requirements of information on energy crops

8. Municipal handling of biogas production residues

9. Municipal requirements for increasing agricultural use of biogas production residues

10. Heat plants’ reasons for not utilizing energy crops

11. Heat plants’ requirements for utilizing energy crops

12. Swedish energy crop production in 2010. Crop area shares.

13. Swedish energy crop production in 2010. Share of farmers and areas by county.

14. Farmers’ reasons for not growing energy crops

15. Farmers’ reasons for growing energy crops

16. Farmers’ requirements to increase production of energy crops

17. Farmers’ access to and use of residual products

18. Farmers’ requirements to increase use of residual products

 

List of terms

Användning

Use

Anläggning

Facility

Försäljning

Sales

Gödsel

Manure

Jordbruk

Agriculture

Hinder

Obstacle

Kommun

Municipality

Lantbrukare

Farmer

Län

County

Planering

Planning

Rötrest

Slurry (from biogas production)

Värmeverk

Heating- or Combined Heat and Power plant

Åkerareal

Farmland area

Åkerbränsle

Energy crops, including manure and residues

Åkergröda

Energy crop