Bioenergi från jordbruket
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The use of agriculturally derived fuels in Swedish energy production is relatively small, although being considered a potentially important source of bioenergy. The realization of this potential is dependent on economical and technical factors, but also relies on different parties’ perception of the possible role of these fuels within the energy system. In this report we present results from a study covering the activities, conceptions and knowledge around energy crops in municipalities, heating plants and among farmers – three important actors in increasing the use of energy crops.
Our results confirm the limited role of energy crops in current energy production. Barely 11 % of the farmers produced energy crops, while only 12 and 38 % of the heating plants and municipalities declared use for some variety of energy production. The use appeared to be correlated with access inasmuch as being more frequent in municipalities with a larger farmland area. In addition, heating plants declaring use of energy crops were situated in municipalities with relatively large areas of farmland. Availability – in the shape of a working market – was also considered by all parties as a crucial factor for increasing energy crop use.
Technical limitations were considered a major obstacle for increasing use of energy crops. While 41 % of the heating plants claimed that the production facilities needed to be refitted in order to use energy crops, 42 % of the farmers not producing such crops declared that they were not currently equipped to do so. Price factors also appeared to be a hindrance for heating plants as well as farmers. Among heating plants, nearly a quarter declared high prices as being a major obstacle for adopting agriculturally derived fuels, while large fractions of farmers claimed lacking profitability or low prices as being causes for not currently producing energy crops.
All parties declared increased knowledge and information regarding agriculturally derived fuels as important factors for increasing production and adoption, although the requirement appeared most widespread among the municipalities, where four out of five felt a need for more information.