Försäljning av handelsgödselmedel 2004/05
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The sales of fertilizers decreased
The total sales of commercial fertilizers amounted to 724 thousand metric tons during the fertilizer year 2004/05, which was a decrease by 15 percent compared to 2003/04. During the last five years the sales have continuously decreased, which means that between 2000/01 and 2004/05 the sales of fertilizers decreased by 26 percent.
In terms of plant nutrient content the sales of nitrogen in 2004/05 decreased by 8 percent to 162 thousand metric tons compared to the year before. The changes in sales of other recorded nutrients, such as phosphorus and potassium, decreased by 8 and 10 percent respectively. The changes in sulfur were small. The phosphorus fertilizers contained about 78 kg of cadmium.
The main reason for the decrease in the use of nitrogen between 2004 and 2005 was a decrease in the cultivated area of cereals. The fact that more than half of the decrease in area was winter wheat, which generally receives higher doses of nitrogen, strengthened the effect. Low prices of cereals might also have led to lesser nitrogen use.
The change from cultivation of cereals to grass land or set aside land with permanent vegetation decreases the leach of nitrogen. A calculation model shows that the decrease in cultivation of cereals can lead to a reduction in the leach of nitrogen with approximately 2 000 tons nitrogen in plant nutrient.
The area of organic farming increased with 60 000 hectares between 2004 and 2005. This can also have a reduction effect on the leach of nitrogen.
The item "Fertilizers" in Input Price Index showed an increase by about 5 percent during 2004/05 compared to previous year. This item reflects the price changes for the mix of fertilizers that was used last year.