STATISTIK FRÅN
JORDBRUKSVERKET

Statistikrapport 2005:5

 

Svenskt jordbruk under 10 år i EU

 

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In English

Summary
Structure
Production
Prices
Economy
List of tables
List of terms

Summary

Structure

The number of holdings in Sweden with more than 2 hectares of arable land has decreased by 27% during the first ten years in the EU and were 65 800 in year 2004. During the same time the total area of arable land has decreased by 3%, which means that the holdings now have larger areas on average. The number of occupied persons in the agricultural sector has decreased by 15% between 1995 and 2004.

The total area of cereals has been nearly the same during the last ten years as during the last five years period before the EU accession. The total area of oleaginous fruits has decreased more than 50% during the last ten years while the area of food potatoes has decreased more than 15%.

Since 1994 both the number of dairy cows and the number of pigs have decreased by more than 20% while the number of holdings with dairy cows has decreased with more than 50% and the number of holdings with pigs with more than 70%. This means that the average herd sizes have increased much during the period. The number of sheep was about 4% less in 2004 than in 1994 while the number of holdings with sheeps has decreased with nearly 25%.

Production

The crop production varies a lot between the years which depends on variations in the conditions for production and variations in crop areas. The total production of cereals has on average been between 6 and 8% higher during the last ten years than during the last five years before the EU accession. The production of oleaginous fruits and food potatoes has decreased during the last ten years while the production of sugar beets has increased.

The milk production has during the last ten years been relatively stable and just below the Swedish milk quota 3 300 millions kg. Also the production of beef has been relatively stable during the period while the production of pig meat has decreased during the last years. The production of chicken meat has increased much during this period.

Prices

Since 1994 the prices for means of production in agriculture have increased with 28% on average while the producer prices have decreased with 12% on average. The direct subsidies to the agricultural holdings in EU have partly been introduced as a compensation for decreased producer prices. Of the means of production, prices for energy and lubricants and for fertilizers and soil improvers have had the highest increases, more than 95% and about 50% during the period, while the prices for animal feedingstuffs have increased with only 2%. Of the agricultural products, beef and pig meat have had the strongest decreases of prices, 33 and 26%. The average prices for cereals have decreased with 12%.

Since 1994 the rents on arable land increased with 36% on average and the prices for arable land with 105%. Regions in the south of Sweden, which had high prices already in 1994, have had the highest price increases.

Economy

The direct subsidies to the agricultural sector increased much when Sweden became an EU member state and they have during the last four years period been about 4.5 billions SEK higher on average than during the period just before the accession. The direct subsidies to the agricultural sector have partly been introduced as a compensation for decreased producer prices. The entrepreneurial income for the sector, compiled as production values after deductions of costs for production (excl. costs for own work and own capital), has during the four years 2000 - 2003 been 5.8 billions SEK on average, which is 50% higher than during the five years period before the accession.

List of tables

 

Explanation of symbols

1.1.a Number of holdings with at least 2.1 hectares of arable land by county

1.1.b Number of holdings with at least 2.1 hectares of arable land by less favoured area

1.1.c Number of holdings with at least 2.1 hectares of arable land by area size

1.2. Occupation in agriculture

1.3.a Arable land by county. Hectare

1.3.b Arable land by less favoured area. Hectare

1.3.c Arable land by size of holding. Hectare

1.3.d Average arable land by holdings and county. Hectare

1.4 Use of arable land , in the whole country, 5 years averages. 1000 hectare

1.5.a Areas under cereals by county. Hectare

1.5.b Areas under cereals by less favoured area. Hectare

1.6.a Grassland on arable land incl. green fodder by county. Hectare

1.6.b Grassland on arable land incl. green fodder by less favoured area. Hectare

1.7 Number of livestock

1.8.a Number of dairy cows by county

1.8.b Number of dairy cows by less favoured area

1.8.c Number of dairy cows by herd size

1.9.a Number of holdings with dairy cows by county

1.9.b Number of holdings with dairy cows by less favoured area

1.9.c Number of holdings with dairy cows by herd size

1.10.a Number of suckler cows by county

1.10.b Number of suckler cows by less favoured area

1.11.a Number of heifers, bulls and steers by county

1.11.b Number of heifers, bulls and steers by less favoured area

1.12.a Number of calves by county

1.12.b Number of calves by less favoured area

1.13.a Number of sheep by county

1.13.b Number of sheep by less favoured area

1.13.c Number of sheep (excl. lamb) by herd size

1.14.a Number of holdings with sheep (excl. lamb) by county

1.14.b Number of holdings with sheep (excl. lamb) by less favoured area

1.14.c Number of holdings with sheep (excl. lamb) by herd size

1.15.a Number of pigs by county

1.15.b Number of pigs by less favoured area

1.15.c Number of pigs by herd size

1.16.a Number of holdings with pigs by county

1.16.b Number of holdings with pigs by less favoured area

1.16.c Number of holdings with pigs by herd size

1.17 Number of fowls and chickens by county

1.18 Number of holdings with fowls by county

2.1 Production of agricultural plants, 5 years averages. Million kilograms

2.2 Milk deliveries and slaughtering of livestock, 5 years averages. 1000 kg

3.1 Price Index for some means of production (1994=100)

3.2 Price Index for some agricultural product (1994=100)

3.3 Average prices on arable land by production area. 1000 SEK/ha

4.1 Receipts, costs and net result in agriculture 1990-2003, 5 years averages. MSEK

4.2 Direct subsidies of different kinds1990 - 2004, 5 years averages. MSEK

4.3 Direct subsidies 1990 - 2004 by county, 5 years averages. MSEK

 

List of terms

Andel

Proportion; share

Andra

Other

Animalier

Animal products

Antal

Number

Areal

Area, acreage

Avräkningsprisindex

Output Price Index

Blandsäd

Mixed grain

Får

Sheep

Får och lamm

Sheep and lambs

Företag, jordbruksföretag

Holding, farm

Genomsnitt

Average

Grisar

Pigs

Griskött

Pig meat

Havre

Oats

Hektar

Hectare

Hektarskörd

Yield per hectare

Hela riket

The whole country

Husdjur

Livestock

Höstkorn

Winter barley

Höstraps

Winter rape

Höstrybs

Winter turnip rape

Höstråg

Winter rye

Höstvete

Winter wheat

Jordbruk

Agriculture

Jordbruksföretag

Holding, farm

Kalv

Calves

Korn

Barley

Kvinnor

Women

Län

County

Mjölk

Milk

Mjölkkor

Dairy cows

Mycket

Much

Nötkreatur

Cattle

Nötkött

Beef

Oljeväxter

Oilseed crops

Område

Region, area

Procent

Per cent

Produktionsmedelsprisindex

Input Price Index

Produktionsområde

Production area

Raps

Rape

Rybs

Turnip rape

Råg

Rye

Rågvete

Triticale

Samtliga

Total, all

Slaktsvin

Pigs for fattening

Sockerbetor

Sugar beets

Spannmål

Cereals

Stadigvarande sysselsatta

Permanently occupied

Storlek

Size

Storleksgrupp

Size group

Storleksgrupp åker

Size of arable land

Stödområde

Support area

Summa

Total

Svin

Pigs

Sysselsatt

Occupied, employed

Tabell

Table

Tillfälligt sysselsatta

Temporarily occupied

Total skörd

Total production

Totalt

Total

Vall

Ley

Vegetabilier

Crop products

Vete

Wheat

Vårkorn

Spring barley

Vårraps

Spring rape

Vårrybs

Spring turnip rape

Vårvete

Spring wheat

Åker

Arable land

Årlig

Annual