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Trade in plants in Sweden and the EU

Within the EU there is almost free movement of plants, seeds and other plant products like wood, wood products and cut flowers. However, you still need to comply with several rules.

You need a plant passport for moving certain plants within the EU


Plants and plant products that may carry so-called quarantine pests must be accompanied by a plant passport when they are sold. Quarantine pests are serious pests that have no or limited presence in the EU and that may have large financial consequences if they spread here. Quarantine pests are insects, spiders, tapeworms, roundworms (nematodes), fungi, bacteria and virus, as well as parasitic plants.

The plant passport requirement only applies to a limited number of plants and plant products, for instance certain fruits, wood and wood products, seeds, bulbs, and tubers. Here is a list of plants and plant products that need plant passport.

Additional rules that affect trade and movement of plants and plant products


Sweden is a protected zone for four pests: Cotton whitefly, Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus, (TSWV), Chestnut blight or canker, and Colorado beetle. Special rules apply to plants and plant products that can be attacked by these pests.

Strict rules apply to potatoes. Trade in both ware potatoes and seed potatoes requires documentation. Trade in seed borne seed is mostly governed by the seed legislation. Some kinds of seed borne seed are also regulated for reasons of plant protection, which means that you need a plant passport for commercial trade. Please contact the Plant Protection Service for more information.

You can apply for a licence if you want to bring plant pests for scientific reasons


So-called quarantine pests must not be moved from one place to another within the EU. However, you can get a licence to do so for scientific reasons. If you are to move quarantine pests within the EU you should check which species are comprised by the ban by contacting us.

In order to prevent plant pests from spreading, the licence you get from the Board of Agriculture lays down several conditions on how to handle plants and pests, and how to destroy the materials once the experiments are over. Please use the form in the right-hand column for your application.

Rules on endangered species


In addition to plant protection rules, there are rules intended to preserve endangered species. You can find more information about this in the right-hand column.
Last updated: 2009-09-08