Many animals and plants are endangered. One important reason is trade in these species. That is why there are rules for such trade.
At the global level, trade is regulated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora, commonly referred to as CITES or the Washington Convention. Most countries have adopted it. In Sweden, it entered into force in 1975. The rules of the EU build on the convention, but comprise more species and stricter rules.
Buying and selling in Sweden and other EU ember states
Under normal circumstances you must not buy or sell animals, plants or products of the most endangered species, i.e. species listed in Annex A in the EU Regulation in the right-hand column. Also, you must not advertise about such transactions, or display the specimens for money, or engage in any other so called commercial activity.
In some situations you can apply for an exeption to the prohibition, a so called CITES certificate.
In the right-hand column you can find more information about the rules that apply and what you need to do. You will also find the necessary forms there.
Bringing endangered animals and plants to and from the EU
You need a CITES licence to bring endangered animals, plants and products to or from the EU. For hunting trophies, household effects and personal belongings the rules are somewhat simpler.
In the left-hand column you can find more information about import and export, the rules that apply and what you need to do. You will also find the necessary forms there.
There are species you must not bring here at all
For some species, there is a total ban on imports from certain countries. This means that you cannnot apply for a licence for those species.
You can find a list of the species comprised by this ban in the EU Regulation prohibiting the import of certain species in right-hand column. Please remember that this regulation is updated from time to time, so you need to be careful to consult the most recent version.